Dr. Paluvayi Bhanumathi Ramakrishna Telugu: (born on 4 October 1925 - 24 December 2005) was a noted Indian film actress, director, music director, singer, producer, book writer and songs writer. Most of her works are in Telugu and Tamil languages.
She was born as third child to Saraswatamma and Bommaraju Venkata
Subbaiah, in Doddavaram village of Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh.
She grew up watching her father performing stage shows. Her father,
Venkatasubbiah, was a staunch lover of classical music and gave her
early training in music.
Bhanumathi entered the film industry in 1935, and acted in over 200 films in Telugu and Tamil. She was also called as Ashtavadhani by the film industry people as she was a writer, actor, director, producer, singer, music director, editor and studio owner. She also had a good knowledge of Astrology and philosophy.
She made her debut in Telugu cinema in 1939 in Varavikrayam (Telugu), directed by P. Pullaiah. She had acted in Malathi Madhavam, Dharma Patni and Bhaktimala. Her first popular film was Krishna Prema. Her next popular film was Swargaseema, a milestone film in her career. She later acted in many memorable movies like Chakrapani, Laila Majnu, Vipranarayana, Malleswari, Batasari and Anthastulu. In 1953, she made her directorial debut with 'Chandi Rani' (made simultaneously in Tamil, Telugu and Hindi). Her last film was made in 1998, entitled Pelli Kanuka. Annadurai gave her a title "Nadippukku Ilakkanam" (means Grammar for acting) that suits her aptly.
Apart from being an exceptional actress, she was also a very talented musician. She is one of the fine actress of telugu film industry. She was adept in both Carnatic and Hindustani music. She gave voice to her songs even after it became the norm to use playback singers for actors. Some of her songs are still popular like Pilichina biguvatara, Kila Kila Navvul, Oh Pavurama, Preme Nerama. She also provided music to a lot of her films.
During her later years she served on various movie related organizations. She was a Member of State Film Awards Committee for two years. She was also a Visiting Professor at the Film Institute for one year. She was Member of Children Film Society for 5 years, from 1965 to 1970.
Bhanumati was also a talented writer with a number of short stories to her credit. Her autobiography Nalo Nenu was published in Telugu and later, released in English as Musings. Andhra Pradesh Sahitya Academy awarded her as the best short story writer for her popular short stories "Attagari Kathalu". She was a Member of Lalith Kala Academy for 5 years, and Sahitya Academy, Andhra Pradesh for 10 years. She served as Director and Principal of the Tamil Nadu Government Music College, Chennai, for three years.
She was an eminent social worker who was closely associated with a number of Social Service Organizations. She was the founder member and treasurer of Madras branch of Altrusa International Inc., Chicago for life long starting from 1963. She was a life time member of the 'Red Cross Society'. She established an educational institution named as "Dr. Bhanumathi Ramakrishna Matriculation School" at Saligramam, Chennai providing free education to the poor.
During the shooting of the film Krishna Prema, she met P. S. Ramakrishna Rao, an assistant director for that film. He was a film producer, director and editor of Telugu and Tamil Films. The couple later got married 8 August 1943 and later launched a popular production company, Bharani Pictures on their son's name.
She died aged 80 in Chennai.
Bhanumati was awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian recognition by the Government of India. She won the best actress awards multiple times. She also won the Best Director award at the state level.
* National Award Winner as Best Actress, Palnati Yuddham (Telugu), in 1966
* National Award Winner as Best Actress, Annai (Tamil)
* National Award Winner as Best Actress, Anthastulu (Telugu), in 1965
* Padma Shri, in 1966
* Honorary Doctorate, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, in 1975
* Kalaimamani (connoisseur of arts), Government of Tamilnadu, in 1983
* Honorary Doctorate, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi, in 1984
* Raghupathi Venkaiah Award, from the Government of Andhra Pradesh, in 1986
* Best Director, Nandi Award, in 1986
* Raja-Lakshmi Award for the year 1998 from Sri Raja-Lakshmi Foundation, Chennai
* NTR National Award, from the Government of Andhra Pradesh, in 2000
* Padma Bhushan, prestigious national award in 2003
* Pelli Kanuka (1998) as Savithramma
* Chamanthi (1992) as Bhuvaneshwari
* Peddarikam (1992) as Adusumilli Basavapunnamma
* Samrat Ashok (1992)
* Bamma Maata Bangaru Baata (1990)
* Attagaru Swagatham (1988)
* Muddula Manavaraalu (1986)
* Mangamma Gari Manavadu (1984) as Mangamma
* Manavadi Kosam (1977)
* Ippadiyum Oru Penn (1975)
* Pathu Maadha Bandham (1975)
* Ammayi Pelli (1974)
* Tatamma Kala (1974)
* Vichitra Vivaham (1973)
* Anta Mana Manchike (1972) as Savitri
* Mattilo Manikyam (1971) as Lalitha
* Grihalakshmi (1967) as Laxmi
* Palnati Yudham (1966) as Nagamma
* Antastulu (1965)
* Todu Needa (1965)
* Bobbili Yudham (1964) as Mallamma
* Vivaha Bandham (1964) as Bharati
* Penchina Prema (1963)
* Arivaali (1963)
* Annai (1962) as Savithri
* Batasari (1961)
* Nadodi Mannan (1958)
* Ambikapathy (1957) as Princess Amaravati
* Nala Damayanti (1957) as Damayanthi
* Sarangadhara (1957) as Chitrangi Devi
* Varudu Kavali (1957)
* Tenali Ramakrishna (1956) as Rangasaani
* Chintamani (1956) as Chintamani
* Madurai Veeran(1956) as Princess Bommi
* Rangoon Radha (1956) as Rangam
* Tenali Raman (1956/I) as Rangasaani
* Alibabhavum Narpathu Thirudargalum (1955) as Marjina
* Kalvanin Kadhali (1955) as Kalyani
* Vipranarayana (1954) as Devadevi
* Aggi Ramudu (1954)
* Chakrapani (1954) as Granddaughter
* Malaikallan (1954) as Poonkothai
* Chandirani (Tamil, 1953) as Chandirani
* Chandirani (Telugu, 1953)
* Prema (1952) as Mothi
* Malleeswari (1951) as Malleeswari
* Mangala (1951) as Mangala
* Maya Rambha (1950)
* Apoorva Sahodaralu (1950) as Ranjana
* Laila Majnu (1949/I) as Laila
* Raksharekha (1949) as Princess Kalavathi
* Nallathambi (1949) as Pushpa
* Ratnamala (1947) as Ratnamala
* Grihapravesham (1946) as Janaki
* Swargaseema (1945) as Subbi/Sujatha Devi
* Tahsildar (1944) as Kamala
* Garuda Garvabhangam (1943)
* Krishna Prema (1943) as Chandravali
* Bhaktimala (1941) as Radha
* Dharmapatni (Telugu, 1941)
* Dharmapatni (Tamil, 1941)
* Malathi Madhavam (1940)
* Vara Vikrayam (1939) as Kalindi
- Chakrapani (1954)
- Laila Majnu
- Vipra Narayana.